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Doing Shrimp and prawn business in Myanmar

Myanmar has long coastal line and very rich in aquatic resources, mainly exported items of aquatic products were shrimp, prawn, marine fishes, mud crab, fresh water eel and fresh water fish. Shrimp, prawn, mud crab were capture and culture products, marine fish and fresh water eel were capture products and fresh water fish was culture products of Myanmar. Myanmar fisheries products are Export to euro, united state of America, Japan, China and Thailand, Bangladesh. China, Bangladesh and Thailand was both in normal and border trade and others were normal trade. In our country has 210 Nos of fish, shrimp, prawn, Mud crab, eel and fisheries products Export Company, one in Shan State, one in Kayin State, one in Taninthaye Division and others in Yangon Division and Cold storage and Processing Plants were 81Nos in Yangon Division, 14 Nos in Taninthaye Division, 10 Nos in Rakhine State, 8 Nos in Mon State and 9 Nos in Ayeyawaddy Division. We have 13 Nos of EU certified processing plant (see table 1) and they must do according to the issued of EU third country food bio-safety producer, HACCP and GMP.

Table 1: EU Certified Processing Plant in Myanmar

No. Name City Regions Activities Remarks
1 Ayeyarwaddy Fisheries Cold Storage Pathein Ayeyarwady PP PP Processing Plant
2 Myanmar Sea-Foods Limited Yangon Yangon PP  
3 United K.M.K. Company Limited Yangon Yangon PP  
4 Yuzana Fisheries Ltd Yangon Yangon PP  
5 Great International Fisheries Limited Yangon Yangon PP  
6 Shwe Yamone Manufacturing Company Limited Yangon Yangon PP  
7 May Yu Marine Products Co., Ltd Yangon Yangon PP  
8 Twin Brothers Seafood Cold Storage Yangon Yangon PP  
9 Myint Myat Hein Co., Ltd Yangon Yangon PP  
10 Ghani Win International Modern Processing Plant And Cold Store Yangon Yangon PP  
11 Shwe Myanmar Cold Store Yangon Yangon PP  
12 General Food Technology Industry Company Limited Yangon Yangon PP  
13 Crabs World Industries Co., Ltd. Yangon Yangon PP  

In 1990-91 the earning form fisheries export was only US$ 13 million. It has been significantly increased in 10 years to US$ 218 million in 2000-2001, US$ 250million in 2001-2002and then US$ 555.515 in 2010-2011.

In 1995-96 Myanmar produced about 833,000 MT of fish and shrimp from fresh water and marine fisheries. Out of this, only 54,000 MT were exported (Table 2).  

Table 2: List of Fisheries Products Exported In (1994-95), (1995-1996), (Including Border Trade)
No. Commodities (1994-1995) (1995-1996)
Quantity (MT) Value (US$) Quantity (MT) Value (US$)
1. Fish 78587.91 35304043 34740.94 28510487
2. Prawns 7943.49 63200672 8814.46 72363603
3. Others 4203.92 9867312 4039.61 8462506
4. Border Trade 6004.69 12270888 6765.81 4351282
  Total 96740.01 120642915 54360.82 113687878


Source DOF Myanmar

In 2005-2006 about 270,000 MT was exported. In 2005-2006 the earning from fisheries export was about US$ 360 million, which was80% increase compared to the end of 1990s. 160000 MT was exported in FY1998-1999, and then more or less doubled to 270000 MT in 2005-2006. In 2010-2011 about 373,843 MT was exported. In 2010-2011 the earning from fisheries export was about US$ 555.515 million, which was54% increase compared to the end of 2005-2006. 270000 MT was exported in FY2005-2006, and then more or less 72% increase to 373893 MT in 2010-2011.Such effort of fisheries has lifted the role of livestock and fisheries sector in the national economy. Particularly, the contribution from capture fisheries was about 1.7% and contribution from aquaculture was 1.2%. The overall fisheries production is more than 3 times larger than it was in the last decade.

The volume from marine fisheries has doubled from 0.63 million MT in 1996-97 to 1.37 million MT in 2005/2006. The production of aquaculture was about 6 times larger than that of 1996-1997. During 2005-2006 about 270,000 MT was exported to 35 countries and the China and Thailand are major importers. However in terms of prices, it varies widely between the importers. The price variance is due to the differences in type of product and the level of product quality.(Table.3)

Table 3: Fisheries Export by Type of Trade
Export Category Border trade Normal trade Total
Volume
(MT)
Value
Mil US$
Volume
(MT)
Value
Mil US$
Volume
(MT)
Value
Mil US$
Fish and others 162674 145.82 85049 108.42 247723 254.24
Shrimp 6015 16.54 17333 88.47 23348 105.01
Total 168689 162.36 102382 196.89 271071 359.25
(% shared) 62% 45% 38% 55% 100% 100%


Source: Statistics of Exported fish and fisheries product, DOF Myanmar, 2005-2006

In case of exporting other fisheries commodities, China is the main importer. In the marine fisheries export, fish accounted for 54%, and the export of shrimp shared 10% and categories of “Other commodities” was 35%. In 1990-91 the fisheries export earning was only US$13 million. It has been significantly increased 10 years by US$218 million in 2000-2001 and US$ 250 million in 2001-2002. In the year 2005-2006, the total fisheries export was0.271 million MT in which marine product includes 78% (0.212 million MT), the aquaculture and inland fisheries product included 20% and 2% respectively. In the year 2010-2011, the total fisheries export was 0.374 million MT in which marine product includes 70% , the aquaculture and inland fisheries product included 28% and 2% respectively.

Table 4: Changes of Fisheries Export form Myanmar

Fiscal Year Fish Prawn Others Total
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
Mil MT Mil US$ Mil MT Mil US$ Mil MT Mil US$ Mil MT Mil US$
1998-1999 0.071 70.533 0.014 96.957 0.042 34.138 0.127 201.328
1999-2000 0.072 68.765 0.016 90.678 0.029 24.262 0.117 183.705
2000-2001 0.092 80.745 0.02 104.227 0.033 33.14 0.145 218.29
2002-2003 0.136 143.146 0.023 105.197 0.054 69.039 0.213 317.382
2003-2004 0.125 127.227 0.023 113.548 0.058 77.74 0.205 318.514
2004-2005 0.159 162.04 0.024 133.745 0.073 71.136 0.256 346.921
2005-2006 0.173 180.417 0.023 105.002 0.075 73.766 0.271 359.195
2006-2007 0.238 240.769 0.026 121.696 0.803 103.694 0.343 466.159
2007-2008 0.245 315.464 0.021 109.744 0.851 135.815 0.352 561.023
2008-2009 0.234 273.267 0.018 88.853 0.723 121.110 0.325 483.230
2009-2010 0.278 309.857 0.017 56.329 0.798 130.404 0.375 496.590
2010-2011 0.273 342.441 0.019 68.661 0.817 144.413 0.374 555.515

Source DOF Myanmar
 

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Myanmar Shrimp Association

Address: Com of Bayint Naural Rd. Say War Sat Yone Rd. Insein Township, Yangon, Myanmar.
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